There are two main forms of gum disease : Gingivitis and Periodontal disease.
Gingivitis means inﬂammation of the gums. this is when the gums around the teeth become very red and swollen. This is usually a reversible condition. If it is left untreated it can turn into Periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease is where there can also be swollen and red gums present, but in this disease the bone that holds the tooth is gradually lost aswell. If it is not treated the teeth may eventually become loose and then fall out. In fact more teeth are lost from periodontal disease than tooth decay. It can affect all or parts of your mouth and some areas can be worse than others.
At every routine dental health examination we screen for this disease by probing your gums as the disease is relatively painless and so you may not realise that you have it.
Signs of Periodontal disease
• bleeding gums
• swollen inﬂamed gums
• receding gums
• loose teeth
• bad breath
• pus coming from the gums
If you have any of the above then book in for a full mouth assessment with one of our dentists so that we can screen your mouth for gum disease.
What causes Periodontal disease?
It is caused by bacteria in plaque which form a bioﬁlm on the surface of the teeth and gums everyday. This bioﬁlm of bacteria can produce toxins and enzymes that cause inﬂammation. This inﬂammation can then go on to result in damage to the gums and the bone that holds the teeth.
However not everyone with plaque gets this disease and there are many other risk factors such as:
★genetics (passed on from parents)
★some medical conditions such as diabetes
There are now links of this gum disease with Heart disease and even Rheumatoid arthritis and so its essential that we try and keep the gum disease under control.
What is the Treatment of Periodontal disease?
It takes time to treat this disease. It is not a reversible condition and we aim to stabalise it. Here at Spondon Dental we have a full team of Dentists, Dental Therapist and a Hygienist who have training and recieved further education in the management of periodontal disease. We have our own periodontal treatment system and have a specific plan (Perio plan) for its maintenance once healing has occured.
The treatment will entail:
• Improving oral hygiene
• Measuring diseased areas
• Deep scaling and root surface cleaning is carried out usually using Local aneasthetic
• Re evaluating the gums and treating any areas of non healing.
If you think you have gum disease then we have the right team for you.